Rare Earths Mining

What is Rare Earths

The rare earths, or rare earth elements (REE), are a relatively abundant group of elements consisting of scandium, yttrium, and the 15 elements of the lanthanide series of the periodic table.

Scandium (Sc) is the lightest rare earth element.  Scandium is present in crustal rocks in amounts greater than lead and precious metals, but it rarely occurs in concentrated quantities because it does not combine into common ores or minerals.

Rare Earths

Yttrium (Y) is chemically similar to the lanthanides and often occurs with other rare earths in the same minerals as a result of its similar ionic radius.

The lanthanides consist of 15 elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71.  They are lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), praseodymium (Pr), neodymium (Nd), promethium (Pm), samarium (Sm), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), terbium (Tb), dysprosium (Dy), holmium (Ho), erbium (Er), thulium (Tm), ytterbium (Yb) and lutetium (Lu).

Monazite is one of the most common minerals of rare earth elements.

Rare Earths Mining

Rare earths are a set of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table that, because of their unique geochemical properties, are typically widely dispersed in the Earth’s crust and are not often found in concentrated and economically exploitable forms. This fact requires special recovery and refining techniques to produce useable elements.

Rare Earths Uses

Significant quantities of rare earths are used in the production of clean energy technologies, including advanced automotive propulsion batteries, fuel cells, electric motors, high efficiency light bulbs and generators in wind turbines. Most modern defense technologies such as radar and sonar systems, precision-guided weapons, and cruise missiles require rare earths and the materials produced from them. Rare earths are also required in a variety of high tech applications in computing, pollution abatement, power generation, water treatment, oil refining, metal alloying, decolorizing recycled glass, communications, diagnostic health care, flat screen TVs, and hybrid cars.

Rare Earths Mining Process

Rare Earths mining process

Rare earths are difficult to mine because they aren’t found in large quantities or veins like other minerals such as gold. They need to be separated from one another using a variety of mining and processing techniques.

There are three main methods for separating and refining the elements including: Fractional Crystallization, Ion-Exchange, Liquid-Liquid Extraction, or Solvent Extraction.

Most REE mines only produce these types of elements using large-scale techniques that involve drilling, blasting, and hauling.

The elements are separated and purified and then refined to meet industry standards for the proper applications.

JXSC Mining Processing

---Diamond Processing Plant---
8TPH Diamond Mining Process in Angola
18TPH Alluvial Gold & Diamond Mining Process in Angola
50TPH Alluvial Diamond Mining Process in Central African
50TPH Diamond Extraction Process Flow Chart
60TPH Alluvial Diamond Extraction Process in Venezuela
75TPH Diamond Dense Medium Separation Process in Congo
---Chrome Processing Plant---
1.2TPH Chromite Ore Beneficiation Process Flow
15TPH Chrome Ore Beneficiation Process in Ukraine
24TPH Chrome Ore Processing Plant in South Africa
25TPH Chromite Ore Concentrating Plant in South Africa
50TPH Chromite Ore Beneficiation Process in South Africa

---Silica Processing Plant---
50TPH Silica Sand Processing Plant in Indonesia
65TPH Silica Sand Washing Plant in Malaysia
100TPH Silica Sand Processing & Washing Plant in Malaysia
20TPH Beach Sand Mining Plant in India
100TPH Beach Sand Zircon Mining Plant in Sierra Leone
---Coltan Processing Plant---
10TPH Coltan Ore Mining Plant in Liberia
10TPH Alluvial Coltan Process Plant In Mozambique
20TPH Tantalum Niobium Mining Plant in Uganda
25TPH Tantalite Mining Plant in Burundi
100TPH Alluvial Coltan Processing Plant in Nigeria
100TPH Tantalite Ore Processing Plant in Sierra Leone
150TPH Coltan Ore Processing Plant in Ghana
---Lead, zinc, iron, manganese, etc---
15TPH Tailings Lead & Barite Extraction Plant in Iran
30TPH Rock Lead Zinc Process Plant in Morocco
200TPH Rock Manganese Mining Plant in Zambia
150TPH Iron Ore Processing Plant in Malaysia
8TPH Gold & Tin Extraction Process in Zimbabwe
10TPH Tin Ore Slag Beneficiation Processing Plant in Malaysia
50TPH Alluvial Tin Ore Mining Plant in Nigeria
3TPH Barite Beneficiation Process Plant in Morocco

---Gold Washing Plant---
0.5TPH Portable Hard Rock Gold Processing Plant in Sudan
0.5TPH Small Rock Gold Processing Plant In Sudan
1T/H Rock Gold Processing Plant In India
2TPH Quartzite Gold Wash Plant In Africa
2TPH Small Scale Rock Gold Processing Plant In Congo
4TPH Gold Ore Processing Plant In Zimbabwe
5T/H Rock Gold Processing Plant In Tanzania
5TPH Quartz Rock Gold Mining Process in Nigeria
10TPH Alluvial Coltan Process Plant In Mozambique
10TPH Copper Mining Process Plant In Zambia
10TPH Sulfide Gold Processing Plant In Ghana
20TPH Rock Contain Gold Mining Process in Zimbabwe

20TPH Alluvial Gold & Hard Rock Gold Processing Plant in Madagascar
30TPH Placer Gold & Rock Gold Wash Plant in Zambia
50TPH Gold Washing Plant In Uzbekistan
50TPH Alluvial Gold Mining Process In Ghana
50TPH Alluvial Gold Washing Plant In Sierra Leone
60TPH Wheel Mobile Gold Processing Plant In Mali

60TPH Gold Processing Plant In Russia
60TPH Mobile Alluvial Gold Wash Plant In Ghana
60TPH Small Portable Gold Wash Plant in Mali
75TPH Hard Rock Gold Mining Plant in Sudan
100TPH Clay Alluvial Gold Washing Plant In Ghana
100TPH Alluvial Gold & Diamond Processing Plant in Congo
100TPH Rock Copper & Cobalt Ore Process Plant In Congo
100TPH Tailings Copper & Zinc Process Plant In Kyrgyzstan
100TPH Gold Tailings Processing Plant In Uganda
100TPH Placer Gold Processing Plant In Kyrgyzstan
100TPH Alluvial Deposit Gold Processing Plant In Ghana
100TPH Alluvial Gold Wash Plant In Suriname
100TPH Alluvial Rock Gold Washing Plant In Mozambique

167THP Crusher Plant and 42TPH Rock Gold Processing Plant In Zimbabwe
200TPH Alluvial Gold Wash Plant In Ghana

600TPH Mobile Alluvial Gold Plant In Burma

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